Dean Rohrer

L’ Umanità Sostenibile

ADDIS ABEBA – Sviluppo sostenibile significa raggiungere una crescita economica largamente condivisa ed attenta alla salvaguardia delle risorse vitali della terra. La nostra attuale economia globale, tuttavia, non è sostenibile, con più di un  miliardo di persone dimenticate dal progresso economico e con l’ambiente che patisce danni terribili da parte delle attività umane. Lo sviluppo sostenibile richiede la mobilitazione di nuove tecnologie che siano guidate da valori sociali condivisi.

Il Segretario Generale delle Nazioni Unite Ban Ki-moon ha giustamente dichiarato che lo sviluppo sostenibile si trova in cima all’agenda mondiale. Siamo entrati in un periodo pericoloso nel quale una popolazione enorme ed in crescita, insieme ad un rapida crescita economica, oggi minaccia di avere un impatto catastrofico sul clima della terra, la biodiversità, la disponibilità di acqua corrente. Gli scienziati chiamano questo nuovo periodo Antropocene – nel quale gli esseri umani sono diventati la causa principale dei cambiamenti fisici e biologici della terra.

Il Comitato per la Sostenibilità Globale (GSP – Global Sustainability Panel) del Segretario Generale ha emesso un nuovo rapporto ( new report) che fornisce alcune linee-quadro per lo sviluppo sostenibile. Il GSP nota giustamente che lo sviluppo sostenibile si fonda su tre pilastri: porre fine alla povertà estrema; assicurare che la prosperità sia condivisa da tutti, compresi le donne, i giovani, e le minoranze; proteggere l’ambiente naturale. Questi possono essere definiti come il pilastro economico, sociale ed ambientale dello sviluppo sostenibile, o, più semplicemente “le tre fondamenta” dello sviluppo sostenibile.

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