未来的全球经济

华盛顿——随着世界在持续金融和经济危机的阴影下进入新的一年,我们必须以更广阔的视野去看待全球经济的未来轮廓。

长期趋势非常明确。从亚洲到拉美日益突显充满活力的新兴市场地位。美日两国仍是推动全球经济发展的重要力量,但必须解决巨额债务和赤字问题。欧洲则正在经历调整及整合的困难历史时期。中东正在经历转型。撒哈拉以南非洲突破数十年经济停滞进入可持续发展的新领域。

上述变化正以积极的方式塑造我们的未来。但是仍需克服相当大的障碍。全球经济复苏的基础仍然过于薄弱。世界各国失业人数超过2亿以上,创造就业机会的前景依然黯淡。此次危机还导致贫富差距进一步拉大。

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