Nachhaltige Energie jetzt!

WASHINGTON, DC – Der Traum von einer in Zukunft nachhaltigeren und sicheren Energieversorgung war für die Welt noch nie so greifbar wie heute. Erneuerbare Energien aus Wind und Sonne werden wettbewerbsfähig gegenüber der Stromerzeugung aus fossilen Brennstoffen, und die Erdölpreise erreichen seit Jahren nicht mehr dagewesene Tiefstände. Dank dieser Entwicklungen stehen wir an der Schwelle zur globalen Energiewende – wenn unsere nächsten Schritte die richtigen sind.

Länder nutzen die Gunst der Stunde bereits. Mit dem Rückgang der Ölpreise, der Mitte 2014 eingesetzt hat, wurde deutlich, was oberste Priorität hat: Eine Reform der Subventionierung fossiler Brennstoffe bevor die Preise wieder steigen. Diese Subventionen haben die öffentlichen Haushalte belastet, einen verschwenderischen Umgang mit Energie befördert und zu mehr Umweltverschmutzung und höheren Kohlendioxidemissionen geführt. Indien hat die Preiskontrollen für Diesel aufgehoben. Indonesien schafft Benzinsubventionen ab. Andere ziehen nach. Das Geld, das durch die Abschaffung von Subventionen eingespart wird, kann besser genutzt werden, um Sicherheitsnetze zu schaffen, die die Armen schützen, wenn die Energiepreise steigen.

Die schrittweise Abschaffung von Subventionen für fossile Brennstoffe ist zwar ausschlaggebend, aber nur ein erster Schritt in die richtige Richtung. Durch die Nutzung neuer Technologien, die inzwischen weithin zu erschwinglichen Preisen verfügbar sind, können Länder endlich den Weg hin zu langfristiger Energieversorgungssicherheit und weg von der Volatilität der Erdölmärkte beschreiten.

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