L'énergie durable c'est maintenant !

WASHINGTON, DC – Le monde est sur le point de réussir à exploiter à grande échelle les sources d'énergie durables et fiables. Du vent au soleil, les énergies renouvelables sont de plus en plus compétitives comparées aux énergies fossiles, alors même que le prix du pétrole est au plus bas. Nous réussirons cette transition à condition d'adopter la politique voulue.

Plusieurs pays ont déjà saisi l'occasion. Avec la chute du prix du pétrole qui a commencé au milieu de l'année dernière, la première des priorités est apparue clairement : diminuer ou mettre fin aux subventions en faveur des énergies fossiles avant que les prix ne remontent. Ces subventions pèsent lourd sur le budget public, encouragent au gaspillage, augmentent la pollution et les émissions de CO2. L'Inde a renoncé au contrôle du prix du diesel, l'Indonésie ne subventionne plus l'essence et d'autres pays vont suivre. Les fonds économisés grâce à l'arrêt des subventions pourraient servir à aider les personnes les plus pauvres face à la hausse du prix de l'énergie.

Mesure indispensable, l'arrêt des subventions aux énergies fossiles n'est qu'un premier pas dans la bonne direction. Grâce aux nouvelles technologies maintenant très répandues et d'un prix abordable, les pays qui en ont la volonté peuvent enfin évoluer vers la sécurité énergétique à long terme, se mettant ainsi à l'abri de la volatilité du marché pétrolier.

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