Udržitelná energie dnes

WASHINGTON, DC – Svět nebyl nikdy blíž ke splnění snu o udržitelnější a bezpečnější energetické budoucnosti. Obnovitelná energie z větru a slunce začíná konkurovat výrobě elektřiny založené na fosilních palivech a ceny ropy se propadají na minima, jaká jsme už roky nezaznamenali. Tento vývoj nás posouvá na hranici globální energetické transformace – za předpokladu, že dál vykročíme správným směrem.

Země už situace využívají. Za poklesu cen ropy, který začal v polovině roku 2014, vyšla první priorita jasně najevo: reformovat subvence do fosilních paliv, než se ceny opět zvýší. Tyto subvence vysávají vládní rozpočty, pobízejí k nehospodárnému využívání energie a zvyšují znečištění a emise oxidu uhličitého. Indie zrušila regulaci ceny nafty. Indonésie se odklonila od subvencí do benzinu. Další postupují stejně. Peníze ušetřené zrušením subvencí lze lépe využít na vytvoření záchranných sítí, které pomohou chudým, až ceny energií vzrostou.

Postupné odstraňování subvencí do fosilních paliv má sice zásadní význam, ale jedná se jen o první krok správným směrem. Využitím nových technologií, dnes široce dostupných za přijatelné ceny, se země konečně mohou přiblížit dlouhodobé energetické bezpečnosti a vzdálit se inherentní volatilitě ropných trhů.

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