Vermont river sunset Adam Riquier/Flickr

El porqué de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible

ROMA – Después de los avances logrados con los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, que guiaron las iniciativas mundiales de desarrollo entre 2000 y 2015, los gobiernos del mundo están negociando un conjunto de Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) para el período 2016‑2030. Los ODM apuntaban a poner fin a la pobreza extrema, el hambre y las enfermedades evitables, y fueron los objetivos mundiales de desarrollo más importantes en la historia de las Naciones Unidas. Los ODS continuarán la lucha contra la pobreza extrema, pero añadirán el desafío de garantizar un desarrollo más equitativo y ambientalmente sostenible, con especial atención a reducir los peligros del cambio climático inducido por el hombre.

¿Podrá un nuevo conjunto de objetivos ayudar al mundo a trascender los riesgos actuales y entrar en una nueva senda de desarrollo sostenible? ¿Serán realmente eficaces?

A tal sentido, los resultados de los ODM son contundentes y alentadores. Fueron adoptados en septiembre de 2000, a través de la “Declaración del Milenio” de la Asamblea General de la ONU. Los ocho objetivos se volvieron piedra basal de las iniciativas de desarrollo para los países pobres de todo el mundo. ¿Produjeron cambios reales? La respuesta parece ser que sí.

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