Vermont river sunset Adam Riquier/Flickr

Alasan Pentingnya Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan

ROMA – Menindaklanjuti keberhasilan yang dicapai oleh Millennium Development Goals (Tujuan Pembangunan Milenium) (MDGs), yang mempedomani upaya pembangunan global selama periode 2000-2015, pemerintah negara-negara di dunia sedang merundingkan seperangkat Sustainable Development Goals (Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan) (SDGs) untuk periode 2016-2030. MDGs akan meneruskan upaya pengentasan kemiskinan, serta menambahkan tantangan guna memastikan pemerataan pembangunan dan keberlanjutan lingkungan hidup, khususnya sasaran utama untuk meminimalisasi bahaya perubahan iklim yang disebabkan manusia.

Tetapi apakah seperangkat tujuan yang baru akan bermanfaat untuk mendorong pergeseran dari jalur business-as-usual yang berbahaya menuju pembangunan berkelanjutan yang nyata di dunia ini? Apakah tujuan-tujuan PBB dapat menciptakan perbedaan?

Fakta-fakta yang berasal dari MDGs menunjukkan kekuatan besar dan memberikan semangat. Pada bulan September 2000, Majelis Umum PBB mengadopsi Millennium Declaration (Deklarasi Milenium),” yang mencakup MDGs. Kedelapan tujuan tersebut menjadi inti upaya pembangunan bagi negara-negara miskin di dunia. Apakah tujuan-tujuan tersebut berhasil membuat perbedaan? Nampaknya jawabannya adalah ya.

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