Vermont river sunset Adam Riquier/Flickr

可持续发展目标为何重要

罗马—指导2000—2015年全球发展政策的千年发展目标(Millennium Development Goals,MDG)取得了巨大的进展,在此基础上,全世界政府正在讨论2016—2030年的可持续发展目标(Sustainable Development Goals,SDG)。MDG关注结束极端贫困、饥饿和可预防疾病,也是联合国历史上最重要的全球发展目标。SDG将继续致力于消灭极端贫困,但也会加上保证更平等的发展和环境可持续性等挑战,特别是遏制认为导致气候变化这一关键目标。

但一组新目标能够帮助世界从危险的“老方一帖”模式转向真正的可持续发展模式吗?联合国的目标能够造成实际区别吗?

来自MDG的证据强大而令人鼓舞。2000年9月,联合国大会通过了《千禧宣言》(Millennium Declaration),MDG就包括在这个宣言中。MDG的八个目标成为全球贫穷国家发展政策的核心。它们真的造成了区别吗?答案似乎是肯定的。

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