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قفزة كبرى أخرى إلى الأمام من أجل التنمية

مدريد ــ في الشهر القادم، سوف يحقق العالم إنجازاً تاريخياً في جهود التنمية العالمية. فسوف تتبنى الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة أهداف التنمية المستدامة، وهي مجموعة طموحة من الأهداف العالمية التي ينتظر أن تعمل على تحسين حياة الملايين من البشر بحلول عام 2030.

الواقع أن تأسيس أهداف التنمية المستدامة في الذكرى السنوية السبعين لتأسيس الأمم المتحدة أمر ملائم تماما. فبرغم أن سجل الأمم المتحدة في العقود السبع الماضية لم يكن مثاليا، فاشتمل على العديد من الاستجابات غير الكافية، فإن نجاحها في إشراك العالم في السعي وراء تحقيق أكثر الأهداف المشتركة نقاء، مثل هدف التنمية، كان مبهرا.

في عام 2000، تبنت الأمم المتحدة أجندة التنمية التي ارتكزت على ما يسمى الأهداف الإنمائية للألفية، واسترشدت بمبدأ مفاده أنه لا ينبغي لأحد أن يضطر إلى المعاناة من عواقب الفقر المدقع. في ذلك الوقت، كانت قِلة قليلة من الناس يعتقدون أن هذه الأهداف يمكن تحقيقها بحلول عام 2015. ولكن برغم أن الفقر لم يستأصل بعد، فقد تحقق قدر كبير من التقدم ــ وبعض الانتصارات الكبرى.

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