windmill Daniel Mennerich/Flickr

Cogliere l’opportunità per un futuro sostenibile

PECHINO – Per la prima volta dopo anni, una buona dose di ottimismo sembra dilagare. L'economia globale – messi da parte alcuni problemi - sta finalmente andando oltre la crisi finanziaria. I progressi tecnologici hanno reso l'energia rinnovabile un concorrente dei combustibili fossili. E la comunità internazionale sembra pronta a stringere accordi importanti in materia di sviluppo sostenibile e della lotta contro il cambiamento climatico.

Tuttavia permane il rischio che questi progressi vengano sprecati, dato che i politici, gli imprenditori e gli investitori si concentrano su preoccupazioni di breve termine a scapito della risoluzione delle minacce incombenti sull'economia globale. Se vogliamo rendere duraturi i nostri progressi, dovremo affrontare i fallimenti del nostro sistema finanziario alla radice, mettendo in atto norme, regolamenti e pratiche che lo rendano compatibile con le esigenze a lungo termine di un’economia sostenibile più inclusiva.

Quest'anno il mondo ha il potenziale per fare proprio questo. La transizione verso un'economia verde sembra ormai essere una certezza, più che un'aspirazione idealistica, grazie al consenso dell'opinione pubblica in costante aumento ed ai progressi tecnologici che rendono gli investimenti in energia pulita sempre più pratici. Nel 2014, gli investimenti globali nelle energie rinnovabili sono aumentati del 17%, anche se i prezzi del petrolio sono crollati, secondo un recente rapporto del Programma Ambientale delle Nazioni Unite (UNEP). L'andamento è stato guidato da un boom di energia solare in Cina e Giappone e da un aumento degli investimenti europei in energia eolica off-shore.

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