Women around Lake Chad Jeff Hutchens/Getty Images

De volgende fase van de klimaatactie

FEZ – In november vorig jaar, toen een groot deel van de wereld probeerde een verklaring te vinden voor de verkiezing van Donald Trump als president van de VS, werd in het Marokkaanse Marrakesh de United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 22) gehouden. Deelnemers van over de hele wereld, inclusief 38 staatshoofden en regeringsleiders, kwamen bijeen om een plan te maken voor het ten uitvoer leggen van de in 2015 in Parijs gesloten klimaatovereenkomst, die is bedoeld om de opwarming van de aarde tot minder dan twee graden boven het pre-industriële niveau te beperken. Het was een belangrijke stap in de goede richting, maar het probleem blijft veel ingewikkelder – en politiek geladener – dan de meeste mensen zouden willen toegeven.

De wereldwijde samenwerking die onlangs is ontstaan, is zeker welkom. Maar hoewel teamwerk cruciaal is voor succes, is erkenning van de onderscheiden rollen en verantwoordelijkheden van de regeringen van de geïndustrialiseerde en opkomende landen dat ook.

De geïndustrialiseerde landen hebben lange tijd enorme hoeveelheden emissies en andere soorten vervuiling geproduceerd, terwijl ze een groot deel van de mondiale hulpbronnen hebben geconsumeerd – inclusief 90% van het water van de wereld, – allemaal omwille van hun eigen ontwikkeling. Als gevolg daarvan kennen deze landen nu een hoge levensstandaard en voedselzekerheid.

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