El año del desarrollo sostenible

NUEVA YORK – El año 2015 será la mayor oportunidad de nuestra generación para hacer avanzar el mundo hacia un desarrollo sostenible. Tres negociaciones de alto nivel entre los meses de julio y diciembre pueden reorganizar el programa mundial de desarrollo y dar un importante impulso a cambios decisivos en el funcionamiento de la economía mundial. Con el llamamiento del Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas, Ban Ki-moon, en pro de la adopción de medidas en su informe “La senda a la dignidad,” el Año del Desarrollo Sostenible ha comenzado.

En julio de 2015, los dirigentes del mundo se reunirán en Addis Abeba (Etiopía) para formular las reformas del sistema financiero. En septiembre de 2015, volverán a reunirse para aprobar los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) a fin de que guíen las políticas nacionales y mundiales hasta 2030 y, en diciembre de 2015, los dirigentes se reunirán en Paris para aprobar un acuerdo mundial encaminado a evitar los peligros en aumento del cambio climático inducido por el hombre.

El objetivo fundamental de esas cumbres es el de poner el mundo rumbo al desarrollo sostenible o el crecimiento sostenible y no excluyente, lo que quiere decir un crecimiento que aumente los niveles de vida medios, beneficie a la sociedad en toda su distribución de la riqueza, en lugar de hacerlo sólo a los ricos, y proteja –en lugar de destrozar– el medioambiente natural.

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