Кратко о мировой экономике

СТАМБУЛ – В течение последних четырех недель я ездил в Софию, Куала-Лумпур, Дубай, Лондон, Милан, Франкфурт, Берлин, Париж, Пекин, Токио, Стамбул и по всей территории Соединенных Штатов. Вывод: многочисленные проблемы, стоящие перед мировой экономикой, еще никогда не заходили так далеко.

В Европе риск последствий распада еврозоны и потери доступа к рынку со стороны Испании и Италии снизился после принятия Европейским центральным банком решения прошлым летом о поддержке суверенного долга. Но основные проблемы валютного союза – низкий потенциальный рост, продолжающийся экономический спад, потеря конкурентоспособности и высокий уровень частного и государственного долга – так и не были решены.

Кроме того, большая сделка между ядром еврозоны, ЕЦБ и периферией – болезненная политика жесткой экономии и реформы в обмен на крупномасштабную финансовую поддержку – теперь разваливается, по мере того как усталость от политики жесткой экономии на периферии еврозоны сталкивается с усталостью центральных стран, таких как Германия и Нидерланды, оказывать финансовую поддержку.

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