Miami hospital disinfectant wipe Joe Raedle/Getty Images

A la caza de un hongo asesino

SINGAPUR – Estos últimos años se han multiplicado informes alarmantes del surgimiento de microorganismos patógenos resistentes a muchos de los antibióticos (o a todos). Mucha gente todavía no se da cuenta de que ya llegaron y están matando a personas. Un ejemplo elocuente es la aparición de una amenaza sanitaria mundial grave derivada del hongo infeccioso multirresistente Candida auris.

El primer espécimen conocido de C.auris fue hallado en Japón en 2009, en el oído de una paciente aquejada de una infección (auris quiere decir “del oído” en latín). Desde entonces, se documentaron muchos casos de infecciones por C. auris en heridas, torrente sanguíneo, oído y vías respiratorias, en personas de cuatro continentes, incluidos países como Corea del Sur, la India, Kuwait, Pakistán, Sudáfrica y otros en Sudamérica.

En Estados Unidos, los Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades informaron trece casos de personas infectadas con este hongo entre mayo de 2013 y agosto de 2016, cuatro de las cuales murieron. Pese a que no está claro si las muertes se debieron a la infección por C. auris o a otras afecciones subyacentes, es indiscutible la necesidad de hacer frente a este flagelo (cuya mortandad alcanzó el 70% de las personas infectadas).

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