Miami hospital disinfectant wipe Joe Raedle/Getty Images

Охота на грибковое заболевание-убийцу

СИНГАПУР – Предупреждения о грядущем появлении так называемых супервирусов – болезнетворных микробов, которые устойчивы ко многим (или ко всем) антибиотикам, – в последние годы слышны всё чаще. Но многие, видимо, не осознают, что эти супервирусы уже существуют. И они уже убивают людей. Главным примером здесь является Candida auris, грибковая инфекция, устойчивая к воздействию большинства существующих лекарств и готовая превратиться в серьёзную глобальную угрозу здоровью человека.

Candida auris (C.auris) была впервые обнаружена в 2009 году в Японии, в ухе пациента, пожаловавшегося на инфекцию (auris на латинском языке означает «ухо»). С тех пор C.auris была задокументирована как причина инфекционных заболеваний в открытых ранах, крови, ушах, а также респираторных инфекций в самых разных странах на четырёх континентах, в том числе в Индии, Кувейте, Пакистане, Южной Африке, Южной Корее и государствах Латинской Америки.

В США, по данным Центров по контролю и профилактике заболеваний, с мая 2013 года по август 2016 года этим грибком заразились 13 человек, из них четверо умерли. Не известно, были ли смертельные случаи вызваны инфекцией C.auris или другими болезнями этих пациентов, но, так или иначе, необходимость борьбы с бедствием под названием C.auris, которое приводит к летальному исходу почти в 70% случаях инфицирования, неоспорима.

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