El liderazgo sin rumbo del África Subsahariana

¿Por qué los países del África Subsahariana son los más pobres del mundo? Una razón es la serie de estrategias para el desarrollo mal diseñadas que el FMI y el Banco Mundial han implementado en la región durante casi medio siglo. Pero también ha tenido una participación desastrosa la cultura centenaria de liderazgo que está arraigada en muchas sociedades africanas.

En efecto, una mayoría abrumadora de gobernantes africanos consideran a sus países como una propiedad personal, que pueden usar como mejor les convenga. Esta concepción del poder llevó a que en siglos pasados los reyes entregaran a sus súbditos a los tratantes de esclavos.. Actualmente, los líderes derrochan los recursos e ingresos de sus países, lo que deja a la mayoría de su población empantanada en la pobreza, la enfermedad, el hambre, la guerra y la desesperación.

La actual fiebre del petróleo en África Occidental es un perfecto ejemplo del problema. En vez de que sea un activo, el petróleo se ha convertido en una desventaja que genera pobreza, corrupción, conflictos étnicos y desastres ambientales.

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