malaria testing Pius Utomi Ekpei/AFP/Getty Images

Vymýcení malárie

JEDDAH – Malárie byla dlouho jednou z hlavních zabijáckých chorob našeho věku. Data světová zdravotnické organizace ukazují, že v nebezpečí je až polovina světové populace. Ale zhruba 90% všech případů malárie a 92% úmrtí na malárii se vyskytuje v jednom regionu: Subsaharské Africe.

Evropa a Severní Amerika jsou zcela bez malárie. Ale děti v subsaharské Africe často trpí několika vlnami této choroby, ještě než dosáhnou věku pěti let. A děti pod věkem pět let tvoří 70% úmrtí spojených s malárií. Těhotné ženy, které se nemocí nakazí, mohou trpět vážnými zdravotními komplikacemi.

Dobrou zprávou je, že v poslední době nabral boj s malárií na intenzitě, kdy infekce na většině míst stabilně klesají a od roku 2010 klesla úmrtí na malárii o 29%. Pokrok může být přisouzen částečně inovacím, včetně nových, rychlých diagnostických testů, které funguji během pouhých minut, dále dostupnějším antimalarickým lékům a také narůstajícím užívání sítí s insekticidy s dlouhou trvanlivostí (LLIN). Pomohlo také větší zapojení komunity, kdy známí zpěváci, mediální organizace a náboženští vůdci podporují větší akci proti malárii.

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