救命的药物杀手

伦敦—药物的有害作用吸引着全世界媒体的目光。毕竟,关于“药物杀手”的恐怖故事很好卖。但是,尽管对药物的有害作用的担心不无道理,但它们并不构成严重的公共卫生问题,因为它们的益处远高于害处。

具有严重安全副作用的药物通常被用来治疗致命疾病——比如多种癌症、关节炎和HIV——因为说到底,这些药物利大于弊。一种药物不能孤立地判断其安全性,而必须将其副作用与其疗效相对比。换句话说,应该做的是效益-风险衡量。

但将这一信息传播给民众是很困难的。成功的药物治疗和疾病预防很可能无法赢得读者和选民的注意。此外,药物安全是决定药物如何监管的主要因素。

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