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黑色星期一的教训

发自伯克利——美国总统特朗普经常引用股市来证明其政府经济计划的有效性。尽管道琼斯工业平均指数自他就职以来已经上涨了约30%,但这一上涨究竟在多大程度上是因其政策所致还是个未知之数。但有一点可以肯定,正如我们最近所见的那样,涨上去的照样可以掉下来。

在解释股价大幅下跌及其影响时,许多人会回想起2008年以及围绕雷曼兄弟申请破产事件所产生的市场动荡。然而对应当前情况的更准确历史先例其实是“黑色星期一”:1987年10月19日。

黑色星期一是一场真正的惨剧:当日道琼斯指数22.6%的暴跌至今仍是有史以来最大的单日跌幅记录,如果放到今天相当于下跌了6000点。

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