Cómo estimular la equidadStimulating Equality

Nueva York – En momentos que el desempleo aumenta en los Estados Unidos y otros países de la OCDE, la creación de empleos es un objetivo clave para las autoridades. En EE.UU., el Presidente Barack Obama propuso recientemente aumentar el gasto público en cerca de 600 mil millones de dólares a lo largo de los próximos dos años, para crear cuatro millones de empleos adicionales. Sin embargo, a Obama también le interesa revertir un agudo aumento de la desigualdad del ingreso (que hoy se encuentra en su punto más alto en 80 años). ¿Es posible para los gobernantes hacer ambas cosas al mismo tiempo?

ew York -- With unemployment climbing in the United States and other OECD countries, job creation is a key objective for policymakers. In the US, President Barack Obama recently proposed to increase public spending by about $600 billion over the next two years to create an additional four million jobs. But Obama is also concerned with reversing a sharp rise in income inequality (which is now at an 80-year high). Is it possible for leaders to do both at the same time?

La respuesta es un inequívoco sí,pero sólo si se centran en el gasto de gobierno, en lugar de reformar sus sistemas tributarios. La lección es incluso más potente para otros países avanzados, como Alemania y Francia, que destinan un porcentaje mucho mayor del PGB a programas públicos (35% y 45%, respectivamente, en 2005) que los Estados Unidos (apenas un 25%).

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