饮食与增长

基加利—没有什么能比儿童营养不良给一国的长期经济发展带来更大拖累的了。生长中的身体得不到足够的必须维生素和营养的话,伤害会在成年以后长期存在。

低收入国家的饮食主要由淀粉类(如稻米)和豆类(如豌豆)食品组成,这类食品蛋白质含量很低。因此,即使儿童能够吃饱,也难以得到营养食品的正确平衡和健康发育所需要的维生素。

代价是沉重的。饮养不良儿童更容易得病。据联合国儿童基金会统计,严重营养不良的儿童因痢疾致死的可能性高9.5倍,因肺炎致死的可能性高6.4倍。放眼世界,每三起可预防儿童死亡中就有一起(每年250万例)是营养不足的后果。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To continue reading, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/XcYcKbJ/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.