sparkly islands land reclamation project Tonglian/ZumaPress

Китай и глубокое синее море

ХОШИМИН – С декабря 2013 года Китай увеличил площадь островов в Южно-Китайском море более чем на 1200 гектаров. Геополитические последствия данного проекта территориального расширения хорошо известны: основная деятельность ведется на островах Спратли, архипелаге, лежащем в водах между Вьетнамом, Малайзией и Филиппинами, которые, наряду с Китаем, Тайванем и Брунеем,  соревнуются в территориальных претензиях в регионе.

Гораздо меньше обсуждаются экологические последствия данного проекта, который поставил регион на грань катастрофы. Деятельность Китая грозит сокращением запасов рыбы, подвергает опасности морское биоразнообразие, а в долгосрочной перспективе может уничтожить некоторые самые красивые в мире виды морской флоры и фауны.

Тысячи коралловых рифов, заросли морской травы и другие мелководные экосистемы уничтожаются и закапываются с большой скоростью, поскольку лидеры Китая спешат сделать свои претензии в регионе более весомыми. Проект освоения новых земель подрывает экологическую связь между островами Спратли и Южно-Китайским морем, перекрывая доступ питательных веществ, от которых зависят данные экосистемы.

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