sparkly islands land reclamation project Tonglian/ZumaPress

中国和蓝海

胡志明市——2013年12月以来,中国已增加了1,200多公顷的南海岛屿属地。上述土地开垦工作的地缘政治影响都有完整的记录:大部分活动发生在南沙群岛,即越南、马来西亚和菲律宾之间的多岛海区,上述国家——再加上中国、台湾和文莱——都对该地区提出了竞争性主权要求。

该项目近乎灾难性的环境影响极少引发关注。中国的活动正在危及鱼类种群、威胁海洋生物多样性,并对世界最壮观的海洋生物构成长期威胁。

中国领导人急于对该地区宣誓主权摧毁并埋葬了成千上万的珊瑚礁、海草床和其他浅水生态系统。土地开垦项目正在破坏南沙群岛和南中国海之间的生态联系,掐断这些生态系统赖以存在的营养物质供应。

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