Революция цен на солнечную энергию

ПОТСДАМ – Идёт тихая революция. В ноябре эмират Дубай объявил о строительстве солнечного энергопарка, который будет производить электричество себестоимостью менее чем $0,06 за киловатт-час – это выгоднее альтернативных инвестиций в газовые или угольные электростанции.

Станция, которая, как ожидается, заработает в 2017 году, стала еще одним предвестником будущего, в котором возобновляемая энергетика постепенно вытеснит привычное ископаемое топливо. И в самом деле, не проходит и недели, чтобы не появилась новость об очередном крупном контракте на строительство солнечной электростанции. В одном только феврале было объявлено о солнечных энергопроектах в Нигерии (1000 мегаватт), Австралии (2000  МВт) и Индии (10000 МВт).

Нет сомнения, что эти проекты помогают в борьбе против изменения климата. Но главной причиной, по которой они возникают, являются соображения прибыльности, а не экологии, поскольку повышение эффективности в распределительных электросетях (а при необходимости и в хранении энергии) снижает себестоимость производства возобновляемой электроэнергии.

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