Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Vladimir Putin Mustafa Kaya/ZumaPress

Соблазн авторитарной власти

Нью-Йорк – Двадцать четыре года назад в этом месяце, жесткие сторонники Советского Союза отчаянно хотевшие остановить формирующийся демократический переход арестовали Михаила Горбачева и объявили военное положение в стране. В ответ на это миллионы протестующих вышли на улицы Москвы и городов по всему Советскому Союзу. Ключевые элементы армии отказался принять переворот и он вскоре рухнул, потянув с собой и весь Советский Союз.

Хотя экономические условия были тяжелыми в последние месяцы СССР, люди уже видели ту свободу, которая вот-вот придёт и в отличие от нынешних времен были готовы постоять за нее. Действительно, в первые годы демократических преобразований, которые последовали этому эпизоду, большинство пост-коммунистических избирателей не поддавались искушению избрать экстремистов, которые обещали окончить эти тяжелые времена. Вместо этого, они в большинстве случаев выбрали самого разумного и доступного им кандидата.

Например, россияне не стали голосовать за Владимира Жириновского, клоуна типа Дональда Трампа - националиста и антисемита – а вместо этого выбрали Бориса Ельцина, который стоял перед танками во время неудавшегося путча 1991 года и признал, что будущее его страны лежало с демократией и Западом. В Румынии экстремистский поэт Корнелиу Вадим Тудор проиграл череде коррумпированных прагматиков, начиная с Иона Илиеску, который привел к изгнанию из страны последнего коммунистического лидера - Николае Чаушеску.

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