Le 60° anniversaire de la Nakbeh, la catastrophe palestinienne

Alors que l'Etat d'Israël célèbre son 60° anniversaire, les Palestiniens se remémorent la Nakbeh , autrement dit la "catastrophe" palestinienne, l'Histoire de leur dépossession, de leur occupation et de leur errance. Mais pour les deux cotés, de même que pour les autres puissances qui ont joué un rôle dans les événements, ce qui s'est passé en 1948 et ce qui a suivi - l'occupation de ce qui reste de la Palestine historique depuis 1967 - constitue un échec tragique.

La première responsabilité en incombe à Israël en raison de son occupation militaire permanente et de ses colonies de peuplement illégales. Malgré un discours en faveur de la paix, le refus d'Israël de retirer son armée des territoires occupés bafoue la résolution 242 du Conseil de sécurité qui mentionne dans son préambule "l'inadmissibilité de l'acquisition de territoire par la guerre".

Mais la communauté internationale, à différents niveaux les Palestiniens et les Arabes ont aussi leur part de responsabilité. Les déconvenues ont commencé avant même la création d'Israël et la Nakbeh : la commission King-Crane de 1919, le rapport Peel de 1937, le Livre blanc britannique de 1939, la commission d'enquête anglo-américaine de 1945 et le plan de partition de l'ONU de 1947. Il y a eu depuis les résolutions 194, 242 et 338 de l'ONU, le plan Rogers, le plan Mitchell, le plan Tenet, Camp David, Taba, le plan saoudien, la "feuille de route", l'Initiative de Genève, les élections et l'Initiative de paix arabe. 

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/r4dxepH/fr;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now