six day war israeli tanks Three Lions/Getty Images

К 50-летию шестидневной войны

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – В июне этого года мир собирается отметить 50-летие войны 1967 года между Израилем и Египтом, Иорданией и Сирией – конфликта, который продолжает стоять особняком в этом регионе, известном в наше время частым применением силы. Война длилась меньше недели, но ее последствия остаются явно заметными и через полвека.

Сама война была спровоцирована внезапным израильским превентивным ударом по египетским ВВС, что было сделано в ответ на решение Египта о высылке миротворческих сил Организации Объединенных Наций из сектора Газа и с Синайского полуострова, а также указание Египта закрыть Тиранский пролив для израильских судов. Израиль нанес военный удар первым, но большинство наблюдателей считали, что он совершил законный акт самообороны против надвигающейся угрозы.

Израиль не намеревался воевать больше чем на одном фронте, но война быстро распространилась, когда Иордания и Сирия вступили в конфликт на стороне Египта. Это решение очень дорого обошлось арабским странам. После шести дней боев Израиль контролировал Синайский полуостров и сектор Газа, Голанские высоты, Западный берег реки Иордан и весь Иерусалим. Новый Израиль был по территории более чем в три раза больше, чем старый. Это удивительно напоминает сотворение мира по Библии: шесть дней напряженной работы с последующим днем отдыха, а в данном случае днем подписания соглашения о прекращении огня.

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