La seguridad de segunda fila del Sinaí

SHARM EL-SHEIK – A raíz de un ataque en el que en agosto murieron 16 agentes de la seguridad en la península del Sinaí, el ejército egipcio ha intensificado la presión contra los yijadistas en ella. Los generales han prometido una campaña prolongada para extinguir la amenaza terrorista, llevando hasta allí tanques y disparando misiles contra campamentos de entrenamiento para corroborar su promesa, pero, si la actuación en el pasado es indicativa de los resultados futuros, es probable que la ofensiva sea fugaz. Las fuerzas armadas nunca han mostrado demasiado interés en estabilizar el Sinaí y las operaciones anteriores para deshacerse de los yijadistas no les han impedido regresar.

Los egipcios achacan la incapacidad de su ejército para vigilar el Sinaí a las restricciones impuestas por el tratado de paz egipcio-israelí. El acuerdo bilateral estipula que Egipto sólo puede estacionar 22.000 soldados en la parte occidental de la península, conocida como zona A. En la sección oriental fronteriza con Israel, conocida como zona C, la presencia egipcia está limitada al personal de las Fuerzas Centrales de Seguridad. Éstas, compuestas de cadetes mal capacitados, se limitan a desempeñar “funciones normales de policía”, según el anexo sobre la seguridad del acuerdo.

Los yijadistas han explotado el vacío en materia de seguridad creado por la revolución del año pasado para reforzar su presencia en el Sinaí. Como la amenaza ha aumentado, Israel ha permitido a Egipto aumentar las tropas en la península hasta niveles superiores a los estipulados en los acuerdos de paz, pero Egipto no ha aprovechado esa oferta. El pasado mes de agosto, los israelíes permitieron la presencia en la zona C de siete batallones y veinte tanques, pero las fuerzas armadas egipcias nunca llevaron allí el número completo de tropas suplementarias y ni siquiera se molestaron en transportar los tanques allende el canal de Suez.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/yfXnbwk/es;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.