建设自己的硅谷

西雅图——加利福尼亚州或许是全世界最大最著名的科技中心,但培养新型创业企业的地方也不是非它莫属。事实上,此类企业几乎在不知不觉间从新加坡和上海这样的亚洲特大城市到芬兰埃斯波和荷兰德文格洛这样的欧洲小城如雨后春笋般随处可见。包括瑞典的Spotify、爱沙尼亚的Skype、以色列的Waze和最新涌现的中国的阿里巴巴等众多的国际创业公司都已被估值数十亿美元。

显然,硅谷推动创新和创业精神的主要特点——即人才高度集中、竞争精神、容易获得资金支持和友好的监管环境——可以在各种不同场合得到复制和应用。其实,这类创造力和进步的支柱甚至已经在经济、政治和文化氛围与美国完全不同的国家被建立起来。

当然,并非所有国家的创新方式都一模一样。比方说芬兰生机勃勃的电脑游戏业就应在很大程度上归功于一场由高校学生发起的运动。虽然Rovio娱乐于2009年发布的流行视频游戏“愤怒的小鸟”引爆了埃斯波的创新热潮,但不断培养出程序员、设计师和其他必要人才、持续为该地区提供创新动力的却是芬兰的阿尔托大学(相当于芬兰的加州斯坦福)。阿尔托大学的在校生还发起了欧洲最具活力的创业企业会议,即将于11月召开的此次会议将汇聚超过10,000名企业家和金融家。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Epp0xCk/zh;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.