Paul Lachine

Měli bychom Čínu „zadržovat“?

CAMBRIDGE – Na tento měsíc připadá 40. výročí tajné cesty Henryho Kissingera do Pekingu, která zahájila urovnávání dvacetileté roztržky v diplomatických vztazích mezi Spojenými státy a Čínou. Kissingerova cesta a následná návštěva prezidenta Richarda Nixona znamenaly zásadní změnu poměrů za studené války. USA a Čína se zbavily silného vzájemného nepřátelství ve společné a úspěšné snaze zadržovat rozpínavý Sovětský svaz.

Dnes je Sovětský svaz pryč a čínská moc narůstá. Někteří Američané tvrdí, že vzestup Číny nemůže být mírový, a že by proto teď USA měly zavést politiku zadržování lidové republiky. Ostatně řada čínských činovníků má pocit, že současná americká strategie je právě taková. V tom se mýlí.

Vždyť zadržování SSSR za studené války znamenalo prakticky nulový obchod a slabý společenský kontakt. Naproti tomu USA dnes udržují s Čínou nejen rozsáhlý obchod, ale i široký společenský styk, včetně toho, že americké univerzity navštěvuje 125 tisíc čínských studentů.

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