Měl by být incest mezi dospělými sourozenci trestný?

PRINCETON – Německá rada pro etiku, statutární orgán podléhající Bundestagu, minulý měsíc doporučila, aby pohlavní styk mezi dospělými sourozenci přestal být trestným činem. Toto doporučení přichází po předloňském rozhodnutí Evropského soudu pro lidská práva, který potvrdil odsouzení jednoho muže z Lipska za pohlavní vztah s vlastní sestrou. Tento muž si odseděl několik let ve vězení, protože odmítl tento vztah ukončit. (Jeho sestra byla shledána méně odpovědnou a do vězení nemusela.)

Incest mezi dospělými lidmi není zločinem ve všech právních soustavách. Ve Francii byl tento delikt zrušen v roce 1810, kdy Napoleon zavedl nový trestní zákon. Oboustranně dobrovolný incest mezi dospělými osobami není trestným činem ani v Belgii, Nizozemsku, Portugalsku, Španělsku, Rusku, Číně, Japonsku, Jižní Koreji, Turecku, Pobřeží slonoviny, Brazílii, Argentině a několika dalších latinskoamerických zemích.

Rada pro etiku vzala své vyšetřování vážně. Její zpráva (která je v současnosti dostupná jen v němčině) začíná svědectvím osob žijících v zakázaném vztahu, zejména nevlastních bratrů a sester, kteří se poznali až jako dospělí. Tyto páry popisují obtíže spojené s kriminalizací jejich vztahu, včetně vyděračských žádostí a hrozby ztráty opatrovnictví dítěte z předchozího vztahu.

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