成人兄弟姊妹间乱伦应当被视为犯罪吗?

普林斯顿——上个月,一家向联邦议院汇报的法定机构德国伦理委员会建议停止将成年兄弟姐妹间的性交视为犯罪行为。德国伦理委员会在欧洲人权法院2012年判决一名与其姊妹性交的莱比锡人有罪之后提出了这项建议。该男子因拒绝放弃这段关系而被判数年入狱。(其姊妹被认为责任较小,因此并未被关进监狱。)

成人乱伦在所有司法辖区都不是犯罪。乱伦罪早在1810年拿破仑引入新刑事法典时在法国即宣告废止。在比利时、荷兰、葡萄牙、西班牙、俄罗斯、中国、日本、韩国、土耳其、科特迪瓦、巴西、阿根廷和其他几个拉美国家,两厢情愿的成人乱伦也都不算犯罪。

伦理委员会认真进行了调查取证工作。该委员会提交的报告(目前仅限于德语版)开始时采用了禁止关系当事者、特别是那些成年后才知道对方是自己同父异母兄弟姊妹的当事者的证词。这些情侣描述了因其关系被定义为犯罪所带来的困难,包括遭到敲诈和可能失去之前关系子女的监护权。

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