US State Department

Новая парадигма мира

ТЕЛЬ-АВИВ – Крах очередной попытки США организовать мирное соглашение между Палестиной и Израилем должен повлечь за собой нечто большее, нежели просто поиски виновных. Он должен стимулировать фундаментальный пересмотр парадигмы миротворчества – прямые двухсторонние переговоры под руководством США – которая давно потеряла свою актуальность.

Хотя США остаются незаменимым глобальным игроком, они больше не желают использовать принудительную дипломатию в своем стремлении построить новый порядок. Однако это не просто вопрос желания; США потеряли свою способность запугивать другие страны, даже своих союзников и клиентов, таких как Израиль и Палестинская автономия.

Только на Ближнем Востоке США перенапрягли свои возможности в двух спорных войнах; неоднократно проваливали посредничество в заключении мирных соглашений между Израилем и Палестиной; потеряли поддержку ключевых региональных держав; и показали себя слабыми в таких вопросах, как ядерная программа Ирана и гражданская война в Сирии. Все это снижает их способность формировать будущее региона.

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