Narendra Modi Election Victory Partha Sarkar/ZumaPress


新德里—印度人民党(Bharatiya Janata Party)及其领导人莫迪(Narendra Modi)在上个月的印度大选中获得了胜利,这引发了一个关于印度未来的关键问题。印度人民党在激进民族主义和亲商社团主义的背景下获得了权力斗争的压倒性胜利,这是否意味着可追溯到印度首任总理、社会民主党人尼赫鲁的社会经济共识走向终结?


在尼赫鲁时代,实现这一目标的最佳办法是建立公共所有权和国家控制资源,同时通过政府干预提振经济能力。当然,尼赫鲁的经济愿景尤其漏洞,比如,这催生了所谓的“执照许可配额统治”(license-permit-quota Raj),政府控制扼杀了企业家活动,反过来导致印度增长不及南亚邻国。

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