La entorpecida democracia de la India

NUEVA DELHI – Este mes, la decimoquinta Lok Sabha de la India (la cámara baja del Parlamento) pasó a la historia de manera ignominiosa, a consecuencia de que los cinco años de este Parlamento fueron los menos productivos de todos los Parlamentos de la India en seis décadas de democracia funcional. Debido a que se perdieron sesiones enteras por interrupciones de la oposición y por los frecuentes aplazamientos que privaron a los legisladores de tener el tiempo suficiente para la deliberación, los miembros del Parlamento elegidos en mayo del año 2009 aprobaron menos proyectos de ley e invirtieron menos horas en el debate en comparación con cualquier otro Parlamento predecesor.

Como si eso no fuera lo suficientemente malo, la sesión final fue testigo nuevos extremos en cuanto al mal comportamiento; se rompieron micrófonos, hubo peleas en el hemiciclo, y un legislador hizo uso de gas pimienta para evitar el debate de un proyecto de ley al que él se oponía. En este último incidente, la presidenta fue trasladada de urgencia desde su curul porque se estaba asfixiando y tres diputados asmáticos tuvieron que ser llevados al hospital; esto llevó al agresor a explicar que había actuado en defensa propia en contra de quienes querían impedirle participar en formas menos exóticas de interrupción.

Para aquellos de nosotros que buscamos ser elegidos para formar parte del Parlamento con el fin de participar en un debate reflexivo sobre cómo impulsar el avance del la India, y para deliberar sobre las leyes mediante las cuales se nos gobernará, atravesar por estos sucesos ha sido una experiencia profundamente decepcionante.

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