赋予国际货币基金组织独立权

比利时布鲁塞尔——国际货币基金组织的职能再次回到正轨。在泡沫经济时期,世界各国似乎对国际货币基金组织的建议和资金置若罔闻。但如今越来越多的国家开始寻求国际收支援助,并形成普遍共识:全球货币系统需要一个团体来监督它的全面稳定。国际货币基金组织是能担此重任的唯一候选,但经验显示只有国际货币基金组织的管理得到改革,它才能履行这一职责。

准予国际收支援助具有重大的财政意义,被那些最终提供资金的国家——国际货币基金组织成员国持续紧密地监督本来就是正常的。

但是监督全球金融系统的稳定,包括对汇率政策与全球支付不平衡进行评估,是一项完全不同的职责。对于这些分析性的职能,就没有必要紧密监督。相反,独立性和专家意见应该起决定作用。因而,一项关键的变革就是区分开国际货币基金组织的金融措施和它的分析性职能之间的差别,尤其是对汇率和其他全球金融风险源头的监督。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/9BtxW5Y/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now