Los daños graves durante las investigaciones

Los medios de comunicación, los legisladores y otras organizaciones frecuentemente expresan su preocupación por las violaciones a los derechos humanos y la falta de ética en la investigación clínica. Esos casos son muy numerosos. En un estudio realizado en Brasil, se permitió que 100 mosquitos que podrían transmitir la malaria picaran a seres humanos. Un doctor francés llevó a cabo un transplante de cara sin las ventajas de las investigaciones que generalmente acompañarían a un procedimiento de alto riesgo como ese. Una persona de 18 años sujeta a pruebas de terapia de genes murió y tras su muerte se señalaron numerosos errores cometidos durante el ensayo clínico.

Hace apenas unos meses, en un ensayo clínico llevado a cabo en Londres se utilizó por primera vez en humanos un fármaco que dio como resultado que seis participantes sanos enfermaran gravemente. Dos de los voluntarios estuvieron a punto de morir. A los participantes se les pagaron miles de dólares para participar en el ensayo.

El público está al tanto de las pruebas de investigación clínica, pero no se sabe que el número de personas que participan en las investigaciones es mucho mayor que el de los involucrados únicamente en las pruebas de investigación. Mientras que algunas muertes relacionadas con la investigación llegan a los medios de comunicación, el número real de muertes durante las investigaciones es mayor. Ni siquiera las autoridades reguladoras y los expertos de esa industria están al tanto del verdadero número de muertes y de eventos adversos debido a la falta de informes adecuados.

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