"Separados pero Iguales", un Concepto Reencontrado

por Ralf Dahrendorf

¿En verdad una pared no? Un amigo israelí, activista de "Peace Now", respondió a mi pregunta con una propia: "¿Te das cuenta de que ni siquiera una sola bomba suicida ha entrado a Israel desde la franja de Gaza?" ¿Por qué no? "Porque hay una reja". Si se instalara una reja eléctrica alrededor del territorio de Cisjordania, continuó, se podrían resolver dos problemas de una vez: los palestinos podrían entrar a Israel sólo a través de un reducido número de pasos y los colonos pronto encontrarían su posición insostenible y regresarían a Israel.

Las cosas, claro está, no son tan simples. Tal reja probablemente incluiría a los poblados que están cerca de la línea de 1967, pero dentro de ella. El regreso de los colonos sería un proceso difícil tanto en términos prácticos como debido a la opinión pública de Israel. Entonces vienen las cuestiones de los árabes israelíes y de Jerusalén (¿tendría que estar dividida por una pared como lo estuvo alguna vez Berlín?). Después de haber dicho eso, es sorprendente que un hombre de valores liberales como mi amigo de "Peace Now" abogue por la separación física de los grupos como el camino -quizá el único camino- para alcanzar la paz.

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