Concept " séparés mais égaux " revisité

par Ralf Dahrendorf

Sûrement pas un mur ? Un ami israélien, un activiste pour la " Paix Maintenant ", a répondu à ma question par une autre : " Est-ce que tu réalises qu'aucun bombardier suicide n'est entré dans Israël depuis la Bande de Gaza ? " Pourquoi pas ? " Parce qu'il y a une clôture ". Si une clôture électrique était construite tout autour du territoire de la Cisjordanie, poursuivit-il, deux problèmes seraient alors immédiatement résolus. Les Palestiniens seraient admis à Israël uniquement dans un petit nombre de postes de contrôle, les colons trouveraient bientôt leur position intenable et retourneraient à Israël.

Bien entendu, les choses ne sont pas aussi simples. Une telle clôture inclurait probablement des colonies à proximité, mais à l'intérieur de la frontière de 1967. Le retour des colons constituerait un processus difficile à la fois en termes pratiques et également en raison de l'opinion publique israélienne. Puis se pose la question des Arabes israéliens et de Jérusalem (doit-elle, comme Berlin, être coupée en deux par un mur ?). Une fois ceci dit, il est saisissant qu'un homme prônant des valeurs libérales comme mon ami pour la " Paix Maintenant " puisse préconiser la séparation physique de groupes comme étant la voix - peut-être la seule voie - vers la paix.Things, of course, are not that simple. Such a fence would probably include settlements close to, but inside the 1967 line. The return of the settlers would be a difficult process both in practical terms and because of Israeli public opinion. Then there are the questions of the Israeli Arabs and of Jerusalem (for is it, as Berlin once was, to be sliced in two by a wall?). Having said that, it is striking that a man of liberal values such as my PeaceNow friend should advocate the physical separation of groups as the road - perhaps the only road - to peace.

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