Dean Rohrer

Self and the City

BEIJING – Quel est le trait dominant de notre époque? Selon les jours et à l’échelle des siècles, l’urbanisation en est certainement le plus saillant. Aujourd’hui, plus de la moitié de la population mondiale vit dans les villes, contre moins de 3% en 1800. En 2025, il y aura, en Chine seulement, une quinzaine de mégalopoles comptant chacune plus de 25 millions d’habitants. Les sciences sociales ont-elles raison de s’alarmer devant la solitude et l’atomisation de l’individu qui caractérisent la vie urbaine?

Il est vrai que les grandes villes sont dénuées du sentiment de communauté qui est couramment l’apanage des villages et des petites villes. Mais c’est un autre sentiment de communauté qui fleurit dans les grandes villes. Les gens s’enorgueillissent souvent de leur ville, et ils cherchent à en cultiver les particularités.

La ville comme objet de fierté est loin d’être un phénomène récent. Dans l’Antiquité, les Athéniens s’identifiaient à l’idéal de démocratie qu’était l’èthos de leur ville, tandis que les Spartiates étaient fiers que leur ville doive sa renommée à son esprit de discipline et à sa puissance militaire. Bien sûr, les zones urbaines d’aujourd’hui sont immenses, disparates et multiples, alors il peut sembler étrange de prétendre que la ville moderne a un èthos qui modèle la vie collective de ses occupants.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/TFEZ9Wm/fr;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now