Development data El Tiempo/ZumaPress

La revolución de la información para el desarrollo sostenible

NUEVA YORK – Hay un reconocimiento creciente de que el éxito de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible, que se adoptarán el 25 de septiembre en una cumbre especial de las Naciones Unidas, dependerá de la capacidad de los gobiernos, las empresas y la sociedad civil de aprovechar la información para la toma de decisiones. La clave, como lo he señalado anteriormente, es invertir en la creación de sistemas de información innovadores que utilicen nuevas fuentes de datos en tiempo real para el desarrollo sostenible.

Vivimos en un mundo basado en la información. Los publicistas, las compañías de seguros, las agencias de seguridad nacional y los asesores políticos ya han aprendido a aprovechar los datos a gran escala, a veces para nuestro pesar; pero también lo hacen incontables científicos e investigadores, y de ese modo se acelera el progreso hacia nuevos descubrimientos. Sin embargo, la comunidad global del desarrollo no se ha beneficiado al mismo ritmo – en buena parte porque muchos de los datos sobre el desarrollo se siguen recogiendo con métodos complicados que están rezagados con respecto a las capacidades tecnológicas actuales.

Una forma de mejorar la obtención y uso de datos para el desarrollo sostenible es crear un vínculo activo entre la prestación de servicios y la recopilación y el procesamiento de datos para la toma de decisiones. Tomemos por ejemplo los servicios de salud. Todos los días en aldeas remotas de los países en desarrollo los trabajadores de la salud en las comunidades ayudan a los pacientes a luchar contra las enfermedades (como la malaria), a ir a las clínicas para hacerse revisiones médicas, a recibir vacunas vitales, a obtener diagnósticos (mediante la telemedicina) y a recibir atención de emergencia para sus hijos pequeños (como en el caso de la desnutrición crónica). No obstante, la información relativa a esas visitas normalmente no se registra e, incluso si se pone en papel, nunca se vuelve a utilizar.

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