Development data El Tiempo/ZumaPress

为可持续发展服务的数据革命

纽约——越来越多的人认识到9月25日联合国特别峰会即将通过的可持续发展目标(SDGs)的成功将会取决于政府、企业和民间社会利用数据进行决策的能力。正如我之前强调的那样,关键是要投资建设利用实时数据实现可持续发展的创新数据系统。

我们生活在一个由数据驱动的世界。有时会令我们感到懊恼的是,广告商、保险公司、国家安全机构和政治顾问已经学会了如何利用大数据;无数科学家和研究员也掌握了同样的方法,全新研究成果也因此而诞生。但全球发展共同体却并未那么快受益——因为太多的发展数据仍在利用落后于今天技术能力的繁琐方法来进行搜集。

改进可持续发展数据收集和利用的一种方法是在服务提供和决策数据的搜集和处理间建立积极的联系。以医疗服务为例。日复一日,在发展中国家的偏远乡村,社区卫生工作者帮助患者战胜疾病(如疟疾)、去诊所检查、接受重要的免疫接种、得到诊断(通过远程医疗等方式),并为新生儿和儿童申请紧急援助(如慢性营养不良)。但上述诊疗信息通常不会被收集,即使被记录在纸面上,也永远不会被再次利用。

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