Закрывая дефицит рабочих мест Америки

БЕРКЛИ. Последние данные по занятости в США подтверждают, что американская экономика продолжает восстанавливаться после Великой рецессии 2008-2009 годов, несмотря на замедление, захватывающее другие государства Большой двадцатки. Темпы роста числа рабочих мест в частном секторе на самом деле были гораздо быстрее во время этого восстановления, чем во время восстановления после рецессии 2001 года, и они сопоставимы с восстановлением после рецессии 1990-1991 годов.

В течение последних 31 месяцев занятость в частном секторе увеличилась на 5,2 млн, а уровень безработицы в настоящее время опустился ниже 8% впервые почти за четыре года. Но уровень безработицы по-прежнему более чем на два процентных пункта выше долгосрочного значения, которое большинство экономистов считают нормальным, когда экономика работает около своего потенциала.

Кроме того, количество длительно безработных (27 недель и более) составляет около 40% от общего количества ‑ самая низкая доля с 2009 года, но все еще намного выше, чем в предыдущие рецессии со времен Великой депрессии, и почти в два раза больше того, чем она была бы на нормальном рынке труда. Таким образом, рынок труда США, несмотря на исцеление, еще далек от того состояния, в котором он должен быть.

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