Jak překonat americký deficit pracovních míst

BERKELEY – Nejnovější data o zaměstnanosti ve Spojených státech potvrzují, že se americká ekonomika nadále zotavuje z velké recese v letech 2008-2009, a to navzdory faktu, že ostatní státy skupiny G-20 zasáhlo zpomalení. Tempo růstu počtu pracovních míst v soukromém sektoru je během tohoto zotavení daleko silnější než během zotavení po recesi z roku 2001 a lze ho srovnat se zotavením po recesi v letech 1990-1991.

Během posledních 31 měsíců se zaměstnanost v soukromém sektoru zvýšila o 5,2 milionu pracovních míst a míra nezaměstnanosti poprvé za téměř čtyři roky klesla pod 8%. Přesto je míra nezaměstnanosti stále o více než dva procentní body nad dlouhodobou hodnotou, kterou většina ekonomů pokládá za normální, když ekonomika funguje téměř na hranici svého potenciálu.

Podíl dlouhodobě nezaměstnaných (27 týdnů a déle) činí zhruba 40% – to je sice nejnižší procento od roku 2009, ale stále je daleko vyšší než u předchozích recesí od velké hospodářské krize a je přibližně dvojnásobné, než by mělo být na normálním trhu práce. Americký trh práce se tedy sice uzdravuje, ale stále zdaleka není tam, kde by měl být.

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