World Bank President Jim Yong Kim with two dignitaries. Monusco Photos/Wikimedia Commons

Как спасти Всемирный банк

ОКСФОРД – Всемирный банк незаметно скатывается в забвение, поскольку его ключевые, приносящие доход клиенты всё активней ищут других кредиторов. Для выживания банку необходимо, чтобы его менеджмент упростил процессы одобрения кредитов, а также воспользовался уникальными возможностями, которые его отличают от конкурентов.

Когда-то банк зарабатывал достаточно, чтобы быть самоокупаемым. Но сегодня он всё больше становится зависим от субсидий. Периодические взносы правительств богатых стран помогают кредитовать бедные страны, но эти взносы вряд увеличатся, а некоторые из них могут даже перестать поступать, поскольку доноры перенаправляют средства, выделяемые на помощь другим государствам, в программы содействия беженцам.

Проблема не в том, что развивающиеся страны не хотят занимать; им остро нужны средства на инфраструктуру и другие инвестиционные проекты. Проблема  в том, что Всемирный банк слишком медленно обрабатывает кредитные заявки, и поэтому для многих потенциальных клиентов он всё чаще становится последней опцией, к которой они готовы прибегнуть.

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