拯救生命之树

人们的每一天生活,都离不开源自林木的产品。远远超过人们现有认识的是:除了写字用的纸、水龙头流出的水、治病用的药以及修建房子和打家具的木头外,万事万物都源自林木。林木给我们提供呼吸的空气,给濒危物种提供栖息地,还给我们提供消遣放松的机会,这在当今纷繁复杂的世界里显得愈加重要。世界上大约有15亿农村贫困人口直接依赖林木满足其对食物和柴火之类的基本需求。

然而采伐林木的活动仍在继续。每年,损失的林木达到1460万公顷(56000平方英里)¾这个数字几乎相当于四个瑞士那么大。政府规范和执法的力度不够,林业管理的不负责任,加之对非法采伐的巨大市场引诱,正在共同把世界上最珍贵和濒危消亡的森林都夷为平地。一旦森林开始消失,就会引起大量环境、社会和经济问题,这些问题会以某些方式对所有人造成影响。

印度尼西亚的苏门答腊岛就是一个很好的例证。纸浆和造纸公司的存在驱使人们大量、非法的毁坏森林,而这些森林拥有世界上最丰富的植物物种。很可能一些尚未被发现的植物会在这期间随之消亡,还有像苏门答腊犀牛、大象和猩猩此类的濒危物种。当苏门答腊森林消失时,这里的居民会发现自己也失去了合适的居住地和妥善的谋生渠道。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Vn1rXOW/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now