Спасение Пакта о Стабильности от самого себя

На встрече в Шевенингене в Голландии министры экономики ЕС (ЭкоФин) еще раз столкнулись с необходимостью реформировать Пакт о Стабильности и Росте (ПСР). Проблемы, окружающие реформу, остаются спорными и нерешенными, но на этот раз министры раскрыли свои карты.

Фундаментальная проблема ПСР заключается в том, что он должен найти компромисс между двумя противоречивыми целями: он должен удержать хватку против чрезмерного долгового накопления, и в то же время также предоставить правительствам большую свободу для проведения структурных реформ и восстановления конкурентоспособности Европы. Таким, какой он сейчас, ПСР является препятствием для таких реформ. Европейские лидеры тратят впустую политическую энергию и капитал для достижения необходимых целей бюджета, в то время как ничто не сделано для того, чтобы заняться решением действительно жизненных задач: старение населения, бремя высоких налогов, падение конкурентоспособности.

Причина заключается в том, что структурные реформы имеют тенденцию окупаться в долгосрочной перспективе, но стоят денег в ближайшем будущем. Первоначальной целью ПСР было защищать европейских граждан от близоруких правительств, но в конечном итоге, он привел к еще более близорукому поведению.

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