欧洲的出路

美国剑桥—紧缩在欧洲似乎已不再时尚——至少眼下是如此。欧盟给了西班牙、法国和荷兰更多的时间使其遵守欧盟GDP的3%的预算上限。甚至德国政府官员如今也承认,除了财政紧缩外,还需要其他手段重振欧元区外围经济。

据欧盟委员会,“其他手段”指的是结构性改革:放松裁员限制和其他劳动力市场规则、封闭职业的自由化,以及取消商品和服务市场的管制。

但这只是新瓶装旧酒。自欧元区危机爆发以来,“三家马车”(欧盟委员会、IMF和欧洲央行)一直坚持将此类结构性改革作为金融援助计划的一部分。希腊、西班牙和其他国家一直被要求采取这些改革以刺激生产率和竞争力并助力恢复增长。

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