Дилемма Ирака в Саудовской Аравии

Саудовская Аравия вышла из строя мировой арабской оппозиции, выступающей против развертывания военных действий в Ираке, когда Министр Иностранных Дел Сауд аль-Фэйсал провозгласил, что в случае, если Организация Объединенных Наций санкционирует атаку Ирака, королевство разрешит использовать свои военные базы. Официальная Саудовская пресса объясняет новую позицию тем, что она отражает желание правительства выполнять резолюции Совета Безопасности. Но это также подчеркивает растущее ощущение внутренней хрупкости и внешней уязвимости режима Саудовской Аравии.

Саудовская королевская семья, аль-Сауд, подвергается внутреннему давлению из-за широко распространенного сопротивления любой войне против Ирака, а также присутствия Американских военных сил. Несогласие исходит не только с улиц, но и из религиозного учреждения Ваххаби, давнего союзника аль-Саудов и источника их власти. Внешнее давление определенно идет от Соединенных Штатов, основного стратегического защитника Саудовской Аравии.

Перед аль-Саудами стоит не простой выбор. Они боятся, что кооперация с американцами не сможет гарантировать долгосрочную стабильность, и беспокоятся, что уступки в таком важном «арабском» вопросе, как Ирак, еще больше подорвут их внутреннюю власть.

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