Uskutečňování saúdského snu

IRVING, TEXAS – Saúdská Arábie chce všechno najednou: zachránit OPEC, dosáhnout diverzifikace příjmů a industrializace a zachovat si tržní podíl v oblasti surové ropy, ropných produktů, petrochemických látek a kapalin ze zemního plynu. Zda Saúdové uspějí, z velké části určí odvětví břidlicové energetiky ve Spojených státech.

Americká břidlicová revoluce rozdělila OPEC podle jakosti surové ropy jejích členů. Vývozci lehké sladké ropy – například Alžírsko, Angola a Nigérie – přišli v USA o téměř veškerý tržní podíl, zatímco vývozci kyselé či těžší ropy, včetně Saúdské Arábie a Kuvajtu, ztratili jen málo.

Jelikož téměř veškerá ropa těžená ve státech Perského zálivu je kyselá a většina globálního přebytku je sladká, seškrtání produkce v Saúdské Arábii a sousedních zemích nemůže ceny vytlačit zpět nahoru a uvést trh s ropou do rovnováhy. Jediným způsobem jak toho dosáhnout – a předejít rozpadu OPEC – by bylo omezit produkci lehké sladké ropy, včetně těžby prováděné americkými producenty, kteří by tak ztratili tržní podíl. Kdyby k tomu došlo, u cen ropy by se dal očekávat opět relativně rychlý vzestup.

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